Mughal India: Babur’s Garden by Gina Maskell

Mughal India: Babur's Garden

Babur was the founder of the Mughal dynasty and he spoke and wrote in a Chagatay Turkish. After his rule the official language of the Mughal Empire was Persian. Babur’s memoir was a prominent piece of literature in the Mughal Empire and although it was written in Turkish, his grandson, Akbar had it translated into Persian.

This is a scene depicting the “Garden of Loyalty” being laid out. The Garden was made in 1504, while Babur was in power and the official language was Chatagay Turkish. I think that the writing in the top left corner is Turkish, but I cannot distinguish the languages apart. Although the official language was Turkish during Babur’s rule and Persian during the later empire:Turkish, Persian, Arabic, and Urdu were all also used.

I thought the garden was kind of mystical and beautiful and it is a symbol of sorts for how Babur was seen to India. He was from Uzbekistan and he was foreign and mystical but brought beauty through literature, art, and architecture to this land. The garden itself brings beauty to the land and also sort of establishes his place in India by permanently instating this beauty.


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